Polyvinyl Chloride

(PVC)
   A group of synthetic textile fibers that, when woven into cloth, provide performance characteristics mostly used by the fashion industry in rainwear. PVC was first created by Eugen Bauman, a German scientist, in 1872. However, it was not patented until 1913, when Frederich Heinrich August Klatte (German) invented the polymerization process of combining vinyl chloride with sunlight. Later, in 1926, Waldo S. Semon plasticized PVC and thus invented vinyl. While both of these textiles are not breathable, they continue to hold a unique place within the fashion industry. From its very early use in raingear and umbrellas, to the trendy mod 1960 fashions created by designers André Courrèges, Paco Rabanne, Pierre Cardin, and Mary Quant, these fabrics continue their "futuristic" appeal.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Polyvinyl chloride — Polyvinyl chloride, (IUPAC Polychloroethene) commonly abbreviated PVC, is a widely used thermoplastic polymer. In terms of revenue generated, it is one of the most valuable products of the chemical industry. Around the world, over 50% of PVC… …   Wikipedia

  • polyvinyl chloride — n. PVC …   English World dictionary

  • polyvinyl chloride — Chem. a white, water insoluble, thermoplastic resin, derived by the polymerization of vinyl chloride: used chiefly for thin coatings, insulation, and pipings. Also called PVC. [1930 35] * * * ▪ chemical compound       a synthetic resin belonging… …   Universalium

  • polyvinyl chloride — A substance used as a rubber substitute in many industrial applications and suspected of being carcinogenic in humans. SYN: chlorethene homopolymer. * * * a tasteless, odorless, clear hard resin formed by the polymerization of vinyl chloride; its …   Medical dictionary

  • polyvinyl chloride —    (PVC)    Polyvinyl chloride, abbreviated PVC, is a flexible sheet plastic which can be sewn, glued, or welded. Shapes made from PVC may be stuffed, inflated or filled with water. Inexpensive plastic pipes, and their related fittings, commonly… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • polyvinyl chloride — noun Date: 1933 a polymer of vinyl chloride used especially for electrical insulation, films, and pipes abbreviation PVC …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • polyvinyl chloride — noun A thermoplastic resin produced by the polymerization of vinyl chloride; used as an electrical insulator and in many other applications. Can be compounded into flexible and rigid forms through the use of plasticizers, stabilizers, fillers and …   Wiktionary

  • polyvinyl chloride — noun a tough chemically resistant synthetic resin made by polymerizing vinyl chloride …   English new terms dictionary

  • polyvinyl chloride — /pɒliˌvaɪnəl ˈklɔraɪd/ (say polee.vuynuhl klawruyd) noun a colourless thermoplastic resin, produced by the polymerisation of vinyl chloride, with good resistance to water, acids, and alkalis, used in a wide variety of manufactured products,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • polyvinyl chloride — n. a tough transparent solid polymer of vinyl chloride, easily coloured and used for a wide variety of products including pipes, flooring, etc. Usage: Abbr.: PVC. * * * noun [noncount] technical : pvc …   Useful english dictionary

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